UPM Sawmill

UPM Interim Report Q1 2020:
Solid Q1 results, UPM well prepared for the current uncertainty and future recovery

Q1 2020 highlights

  • Sales decreased by 15% to EUR 2,287 million (2,693 million in Q1 2019) due to lower pulp and paper prices and lower deliveries of graphic papers
  • Comparable EBIT decreased by 26% to EUR 279 million (374 million)
  • UPM Raflatac and UPM Specialty Papers achieved record comparable EBIT
  • The industry-wide strike in Finland affected UPM’s pulp and paper businesses for two weeks and timber and plywood businesses for four weeks
  • The COVID-19 pandemic did not materially impact UPM’s operations in Q1 2020
  • UPM implemented extensive precautions to protect the health and safety of its employees and to ensure business continuity and progress of strategic projects during the pandemic
  • UPM is planning to use shift arrangements, temporary layoffs, or reduced working hours as required to adjust its operations in different scenarios
  • UPM’s transformative pulp project in Uruguay and biochemicals project in Germany are proceeding in line with the planned start-up timeline
  • Operating cash flow was EUR 137 million (320 million), as working capital increased seasonally
  • Net debt decreased to EUR -405 million (-5 million)
  • Cash funds and unused committed credit facilities totalled EUR 2.2 billion at the end of March
  • AGM was held as scheduled with special precautions on 31 March and the dividend of EUR 1.30 per share was paid on 16 April

Key figures

 Q1/2020Q1/2019Q4/2019Q1–Q4/2019
Sales, EURm2,287 2,693 2,447 10,238 
Comparable EBITDA, EURm398 488 442 1,851 
% of sales17.4 18.1 18.1 18.1 
Operating profit, EURm243 373 336 1,344 
Comparable EBIT, EURm279 374 343 1,404 
% of sales12.2 13.9 14.0 13.7 
Profit before tax, EURm240 364 324 1,307 
Comparable profit before tax, EURm276 366 331 1,367 
Profit for the period, EURm192 304 263 1,073 
Comparable profit for the period, EURm231 305 261 1,119 
Earnings per share (EPS), EUR0.36 0.57 0.50 1.99 
Comparable EPS, EUR0.43 0.57 0.49 2.07 
Return on equity (ROE), %7.7 12.3 10.5 10.7 
Comparable ROE, %9.3 12.3 10.4 11.2 
Return on capital employed (ROCE), %8.9 13.6 11.9 12.3 
Comparable ROCE, %10.2 13.7 12.2 12.8 
Operating cash flow, EURm137 320 592 1,847 
Operating cash flow per share, EUR0.26 0.60 1.11 3.46 
Equity per share at the end of period, EUR17.90 18.84 18.87 18.87 
Capital employed at the end of period, EURm11,009 11,318 11,474 11,474 
Net debt at the end of period, EURm-405 -5 -453 -453 
Net debt to EBITDA (last 12 months)-0.23 0.00 -0.24 -0.24 
Personnel at the end of period18,573 19,008 18,742 18,742 

Jussi Pesonen, President and CEO, comments on Q1 2020 results:

“The key foundation in implementing our transformation strategy has been a very strong balance sheet and an agile and efficient operating model. Therefore, we are well prepared for the current uncertainty and can continue implementing our strategy and growth projects.

The global socioeconomic outlook has changed dramatically since January as the COVID-19 outbreak in China quickly developed into a worldwide pandemic. We implemented extensive precautions to protect the health and safety of our employees and to ensure business continuity and the progress of strategic projects. UPMers proactive and diligent response to the pandemic has allowed us to run our operations uninterrupted.

During the first quarter our businesses were not significantly impacted by the pandemic—not even in China—and we are able to report solid results. Our sales were EUR 2,287 million and comparable EBIT was EUR 279 million. First quarter operating cash flow was seasonally low, after the record level in Q4. Our financial position is exceptionally strong. UPM has net cash in the balance sheet (net debt EUR -405 million), and our liquidity totalled EUR 2.2 billion at the end of March.

The Annual General Meeting was held under special arrangements ensuring safety and shareholder rights. The joint effort by our organising team and UPM shareholders enabled us to have the AGM on schedule and to make important decisions including the dividend of EUR 1.30 per share. The adoption of the Financial Statements and the election of the Board were also completed.

In terms of business areas, UPM Raflatac and UPM Specialty Papers reported their best quarter ever. Remarkable profitability was due to a combination of long-term efforts to improve margins and continued good customer demand.

The industry-wide strike in Finland affected UPM’s pulp and paper businesses for two weeks and timber and plywood businesses for four weeks. In UPM Biorefining the demand for pulp was stable and prices continued at a low level. UPM Timber was affected by softening demand. In UPM Communication Papers the year began with lower deliveries, affected by the strikes in Finland, and moderately lower paper prices.

UPM Plywood achieved stable results despite only two months of operation at the Finnish mills. UPM Energy performed well in highly exceptional weather conditions and volatile energy markets.

At the very end of the quarter UPM withdrew its outlook for the year and will not provide a new outlook for the time being. The uncertainties in the global economy are unprecedented due to the pandemic-induced lockdowns that are affecting one third of the world population.

UPM takes various measures to protect its employees and to ensure business continuity, but temporary disruptions in production, the supply chain and customer demand are nonetheless possible. UPM is planning to use shift arrangements, temporary layoffs, or reduced working hours as required to adjust its operations in different scenarios.

Many of our products serve essential everyday needs and may therefore see relatively solid demand during the pandemic, particularly for pulp, speciality papers and self-adhesive labels. On the other hand, the demand for graphic papers, plywood and timber is likely to be impacted by the lockdowns and the following global recession.

Our growth project in Uruguay is proceeding as planned with strict health and safety controls. To give one example, new workers entering the UPM Paso de los Toros pulp mill construction site are being tested for COVID-19. In January we took the next transformative step by investing in a biochemicals refinery in Germany, which opens totally new markets for UPM. Engineering and planning of this investment are ongoing.

UPM’s operating model will once again prove our strength even in these exceptional conditions, and our financial standing and corporate resources ensure our strategic projects. I am proud of the resilience and solutions-orientated approach of UPM staff. Our businesses have the focus, competitiveness and agility to perform and protect cash flow even in a changing business environment. Long-term value creation continues to be driven by our spearheads for growth. We are committed to sustainable businesses that offer solutions to global challenges.”

2020 and the COVID-19 pandemic

UPM does not provide an outlook for the time being. The COVID-19 pandemic and the related containment measures around the world represent significant uncertainty for the rest of the year. The following topics related to COVID-19 pandemic are discussed in the interim report: Global economy, Safety and business continuity, Demand for UPM products, Adjusting to different scenarios, Projects and maintenance shutdowns, Financing.

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